Thursday, June 18, 2009

Casualties of the QB

A quiz, for a change.

(2nd post of the day? I can't believe it either)

These are simply questions I wrote randomly and in a separate file from the QB, thus making the endeavour doubly-foolish. This meant that it was a real bugger to fit some of them on the pages, owing to their hilariously excessive size.

Thus, I cast them to the river because I have far too many other ones queuing up for the "Big (old book-based) Show" and filling, well, my life basically (brain heavy and sore with factage). Off with you, I say, to the river, another metaphor, this blog, the sea of memory...

BH158: QB Clearout
1. Most commonly seen in insects, what term describes a physiological state of dormancy with very specific triggering and releasing conditions and is distinguished from other forms of dormancy such as hibernation in that once it is initiated, only certain other stimuli are capable of releasing the organism from this state? A dynamic process it consists of several distinct phases starting with “Induction” and continuing with “Preparation”, “Initiation”, “Maintenance” and then “Termination”.
2. Located in a namesake 1,800,000 acre Biosphere Reserve in the Mexican state of Campeche, which ancient Maya city and former fierce rival to Tikal, lying deep in the jungles of the greater Petén Basin region was discovered from the air by biologist Cyrus L. Lundell of the Mexican Exploitation Chicle Company in December 1931?
3. Dating back to the Qin Dynasty (c.250BC), it was called the “Immortal Health Elixir” by the Chinese because they believed it balanced the Middle Qi (spleen & stomach) and aided digestion, thus allowing the body to heal. Known as kocha kinoko (‘mushroom tea’) in Japan, what is the Western name for a sweetened tea or tisane which has been fermented using a macroscopic solid mass of microorganisms called a “________ colony”, the culture containing a symbiosis of Acetobacter (acetic acid bacteria) and yeast?
4. Most remembered as the leader of East Germany during the fall of the Berlin Wall, who succeeded Erich Honecker on October 18, 1989, only to serve as Communist Party General Secretary until December 3 and was subsequently sentenced to six-and-a-half years imprisonment for Cold War crimes (specifically the manslaughter of those Germans killed attempting to jump over the wall)?
5. Founded in 1908, which British company currently published eleven novel series that are all identifiable by series title as well as a colour border, including Modern, Blaze, By Request, Medical, Historical and Intrigue?
6. Which TV show is known as Bailando por un sueño in Argentina, El Baile en TVN in Chile, Ples sa zvijezdama in Croatia, Tanssii tähtien kanssa in Finland, Rokdim Im Kokhavim in Israel, Dejo ar zvaigzni in Latvia, Taniec z Gwiazdami in Poland, Bak Kim Dans Ediyor in Turkey, Sehati Berdansa in Malaysia and Szombat esti láz in Hungary?
7. Discovered by Masayasu Kojima and colleagues in 1999, which hormone, produced mainly by P/D1 cells lining the fundus of the human stomach and epsilon cells of the pancreas, stimulates appetite and has emerged as the first circulating hunger hormone?
8. Opened as a speakeasy at 154 East 54th Street in the middle of the block between Lexington Avenue and Third Avenue by the Italian immigrant John Perona and Martin de Alzaga in 1931, which New York nightclub – popular with the rich and famous in the 30s and 50s – was famous for its Vernon MacFarlane-designed blue zebra stripe motif and its official photographer Jerome Zerbe, and also was the first club to use a velvet rope?
9. Which Newcastle upon Tyne retailer claims to be the “World’s first department store”, having been founded as a drapers and fashion shop in 1838? However, the John Lewis Partnership bought it in 1952 and retained the original name until it rebranded the store as John Lewis Newcastle in 2002.
10. Closely related to lizards and snakes, which suborder of usually legless squamates is divided into four families, including Bipedidae (e.g. Ajolotes), Rhineuridae (North American worm lizards) and Trogonophidae (Palearctic worm lizards), with many possessing pink body colouration and scales arranged in rings, thus giving them a superficial resemblance to earthworms?
11. The red-eared slider (Trachemys scripta elegans), a member of the family Emydidae, is what sort of reptile, which lives in fresh or brackish water and is the mascot of the University of Maryland?
12. What alternative name is given to Megalania (‘great roamer’), an extinct monitor lizard which was one of the megafauna that roamed southern Australia until it disappeared around 40,000 years ago and is the largest terrestrial lizard known to have existed at an estimated average length of 4.5m/15ft?
13. What is the common name of Drosera, one of the largest genera of carnivorous plants with over 170 species, which lure, capture and digest insects using mucilaginous glands covering their leaf surface?
14. Headquartered in Romanel-sur-Morges, Switzerland, which peripherals company was founded in 1981 by Stanford alumni Daniel Borel and Marini Zappacosta, and former Olivetti manager Pierluigi, and are the biggest manufacturers of computer mice in the world, having announced production of its billionth mouse in December 2008?
15. Which dukedom was created in the Peerage of Scotland on April 20, 1663 for the Duke of Monmouth and passed on to his descendants, who have successively borne the surnames Scott, Montagu-Scott, Montagu-Douglas-Scott and Scott again, with the family seats being Bowhill House (three miles outside Selkirk) representing the Scott line, Drumlanrig Castle in Dumfries and Galloway, the Douglas line and Boughton House, Northants, representing Montagu?
16. Which people, who originate from a province of Pakistan and number around 70 million, claim to be one of the oldest civilisations in human history and rank the birthday of their patron saint and water god Lord Jhule Ial, Cheti Chand, as their most important festival, celebrating it as New Year’s Day?
17. Created by Skopian-Vardarskan immigrant Jimmy Stefanovic, which sandwich of fried spicy beef-and-pork sausage that is a cross between a kielbasa and hot dog topped with grilled onions and yellow mustard on a bun is partly named after the Chicago street marketplace where it was first sold in 1939?
18. Looper, Counter Driver and Pimpled Hitter are styles of which grip in table tennis?
19. Which enclosed, cable-like bundles of peripheral axons are categorised into three groups based on the direction that signals are conducted, these being ‘afferent’, ‘efferent’ and ‘mixed’?
20. Nerves are found only in the peripheral nervous system. What name is given to the analgous structures in the central nervous system?
21. Most commonly known for their antioxidant activity, which class of plant secondary metabolites include quercetin (which may prevent some type of cancers), epicatechin (which improves blood flow and seems good for cardiac flow and occurs in relatively high amounts in cocoa) and proanthocyanidins (which decreases capillary permeability and fragility, scavenges free radicals and oxidants and inhibits destruction of collagen (the most abundant protein in the body)?
22. Rutin, also called sophorin, is a citrus flavonoid glycoside found in which crop plant, whose scientific name is Fagopyrum esculentum?
23. Playing a role in both Noh and Kabuki theatre music and the native folk music min’yo, what type of Japanese musical instrument is the tsuzumi?
24. After a string of Roman defeats, the 102BC Battle of Aquae Sextiae (Aix en Provence) saw an army of 40,000 led by Gaius Marius finally defeat which two tribes?
25. Which East Germanic tribe, whose name is derived from the Norwegian county their ultimate origins have been traced back to, lived in Pomerania for a while before they moved south at the start of the 4th century and settled at the upper Tsiza (modern Hungary) and, after taking part in Attila the Hun’s campaigns in 451, created their own kingdom in Austria before they were defeated by Odoacer in 487 and joined the Heruls?
26. Named after a former FA secretary and FIFA president, which short-lived football competition of the late 1980s was contested between England and Scotland, and in later years, a guest team from South America?
27. The Tandy Corporation, which purchased (and gave its name to) the Fort Worth-based RadioShack Corporation in 1963, was originally founded as what sort of supply store?
28. Which Japanese game company released the cartridge-based arcade and home video game system, the Neo Geo in 1990; the home console being called the AES (Advanced Entertainment System) and the arcade version, the MVS (Multi Video System)?
29. Which multinational communications corporation failed to win a significant following in the handheld gaming market with the release of the N-Gage in October 2003?
30. Voted the 4th greatest of all time in the 2006 IGN Readers’ Choice poll, which 1994 2-D platform adventure game for the Super NES takes place mainly on Planet Zebes, with the player controlling bounty hunter Samus Aran, who must search the open-ended world a stolen larva, hunting Space Pirates as she goes?
31. Known in Mapuche Native American as Lahuan, what is the Spanish name for the evergreen Patagonian Cypress, which belongs to the Fitzroya genus? It is the largest species in South America (up to 40-60m tall, with a 5m trunk diameter) and has a specimen from Chile that was dated as 3622-years-old in 1993, making it the third-greatest fully verified age recorded for any living tree.
32. In 12th century Russia, the eastern Slaves worshipped which winter mother goddess, offering bloodless sacrifices like honey and bread and making brightly coloured embroideries depicting the antlered deity in honour of her eponymous “Feast” in late December?
33. On the winter solstice, the Saami people of Fennoscandia celebrate which spring and sun goddess of fertility and sanity, who travels with her daughter through the sky in a vessel made of reindeer bones to herald back the greenery on which the reindeer feed and restore the mental health of those driven mad by the endless darkness of the season?
34. A member race of the Worldloppet Ski Federation, which 51km race from Cable to Hayward, Wisconsin was started in 1973 by promoter Tony Wise and, with 9,000 participants each year, is the largest, and one of the longest cross country ski races in North America?
35. Named one of the best inventions of 2002 by Time magazine, which human-powered, three-wheeled carving vehicle utilises conservation of angular momentum to allow a rider to propel forward and was created by the Brazilians Gildo Beleski and Osorio Trentini in 1988 after they were inspired to create a vehicle for riding downhill?
36. The modern form of what reggae-influenced Jamaican music style, which developed in the late 1970s and owes its name to the spaces in which popular local and bajan records were aired by local sound systems and readily consumed by its “set-to-party” patronage, is also known as bashment?
37. ‘Come to Me’ by Marv Johnson became the first record to ever come from which label when it was released in May 1959 and reached no.30 on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart?
38. Like the UEFA Champions’ League, FIFA has had an official “Anthem” or “Hymn” since the 1994 World Cup, which is played at the start of FIFA-organised matches and tournaments. Which German composer (b.1948) and Hammond organ player wrote it?






Answers to BH158
1. Diapause (the final phase is “Post-diapause quiescence”)
2. Calakmul (the name means ‘City of the Two Adjacent Pyramids’ in Maya and the site contains 117 stelae, the largest total in the Maya region)
3. Kombucha tea (the yeast is mostly Brettanomyces bruxellensis, Candida stellata, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, Torulaspora delbrueckii and Zygosaccharomyces bailii and the culture resembles a large pancake, though it is often called a mushroom or SCOBY (Symbiotic Colony of Bacteria and Yeast), the clinical name being zoogleat mat. Health claims for kombucha focus on the chemical glucuronic acid, a compound used by the liver for detoxification)
4. Egon Krenz (b.1937)
5. Mills and Boon (Gerald Rusgrove Mills and Charles Boon were the name of the founders. It remained independent until it was purchased by the Canadian company Harlequin Enterprises in 1971. The other series are Romance, Desire, Superromance and Spotlight)
6. Dancing with the Stars / Strictly Come Dancing
7. Ghrelin (its name is based on its role as a “growth hormone-releasing peptide”, with reference to the Proto-Indo-European root ghre, meaning ‘to grow’. It is regarded as the counterpart of the hormone leptin, produced by adipose tissue, which induces satiation when present at higher levels)
8. El Morocco (the setting for a scene in The Way We Were, it has been mentioned in such films as Sabrina (1954 version), Butterfield 8 and Valley of the Dolls. It also banned Humphrey Bogart for life in 1950)
9. Bainbridges (other “first” claimants include Austin’s in Northern Ireland, which has maintained its original site on “The Diamond” in Derry’s city centre since 1830; Le Bon Marché (founded by Aristide Boucicaut in Paris in 1838); and Delany’s New Mart in Dublin (opened in 1853 on Sackville Street, now O’Connell Street))
10. Amphisbaenia (the name of these “worm-lizards” is derived from Amphisbaena ('both ways to go'), a serpent with a head at each end which, according to Greek myth, was spawned from the blood that dripped from Medusa’s head as Perseus flew over the Libyan Desert with it in his hand. Pliny the Elder claimed in his Naturalis Historia (c.77AD) that it “has a twin head, that is one at the tail end as well, as though it were not enough for poison to be poured out of one mouth”)
11. Terrapin (named from an alteration of torope, from Virginia Algonquin)
12. Giant goanna (Varanus priscus; it may have been encountered by the first aboriginal settlers)
13. Sundews (species include the oblong-leaved or spoonleaf (D. intermedia), Alice (D. aliciae), cape (D. capensis), Fork-leafed (D. binata) and shield (D. peltata))
14. Logitech International (The mass-marketed computer mouse made it well-known. The range of products offered improvements over the one originally developed at LAMI (École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne) by Professor Jean-Daniel Nicoud and engineer André Guignard, who was involved in the design changes of the device invented by Douglas Engelbart)
15. Duke of Buccleuch (Richard John Walter Scott, the 10th Duke of Buccleuch and 12th Duke of Queensberry (b.1954), is currently the largest private landowner in the UK and chairman of a namesake holding company. The Heir Apparent is Walter John Francis Scott (b.1984), the Earl of Dalkeith)
16. Sindhis (they also celebrate Akhandi (Baisakhi) and Teejari (Teej). Cheti Chand, held on the first day of Chaitra known as Chet in Sindhi, falls on the same day as Ugadi, the New Year in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, and Gudi Padwa, New Year in Maharashtra)
17. Maxwell Street Polish Sausage (other popular local sandwiches include the Chicago hot-dog (a steamed all-beef wiener on a poppy seed bun “dragged through the garden” and served with “Nuclear Relish” that under any circumstances cannot be slathered with ketchup) and the Italian beef (seasoned roast beef on a long, dense Italian-style roll dipped in gravy and topped off with Chicago-style giardiniera (pickled vegetables in vinegar) or green Italian sweet peppers)
18. Penhold (Pimpled Hitter is the traditional penhold style)
19. Nerves (afferent nerves conduct signals from sensory neurons to the CNS, e.g. the mechanoreceptors in skin; efferent conduct signals from the CNS along motor neurons to their target muscles and glands; mixed nerves contain both of the previous two types and thus conduct both incoming sensory information and outgoing muscle commands in the same bundle)
20. Tracts
21. Flavonoid
22. Common buckwheat (Tatary buckwheat (F. tataricum Gaertn.) or “bitter buckwheat” is also used as a crop, but is much less common)
23. Drum (consisting of an hourglass-shaped body, it is taut with two drum heads with cords that can be squeezed or released to increase or decrease pressure. It is the only Japanese drum that is struck with the hands; all others are played with sticks called bachi. Since it is often played with its bigger counterpart, the otsuzumi, it is also referred to as the kotsuzumi (‘small tsuzumi’))
24. Teutones & Ambrones
25. Rugians (from Rogaland; later they joined the Ostrogothic king Theodoric the Great when he invaded Italy in 489, where they formed their own division and disappeared with the Ostrogoths)
26. Rous Cup (named after Sir Stanley Rous, 1985-89)
27. Leather goods (along with Commodore and Apple, Tandy became one of the companies that started the PC revolution, with their TRS-80 (1977) and TR-80 Color Computer (“CoCo”) (1980) line of home computers)
28. SNK (aka SNK Playmore, the company was founded in 1978 by Eikichi Kawasaki and existed until October 22, 2001. SNK is an acronym of Shin Nihon Kikau (‘New Japan Project’))
29. Nokia (it unsuccessfully tried to lure gamers away from the Game Boy Advance by including mobile phone functionality, one of the reasons being the badly designed buttons and the fact that it looked like it was a taco)
30. Super Metroid (aka Metroid 3)
31. Alerce (only an African Baobab (6,000 years) and Great Basin Bristlecone Pine (Pinus longaeva) named Methusaleh are older)
32. Rozhanitsa (white, deer-shaped cookies were given as lucky gifts)
33. Beiwe (whose daughter is named Beiwe-Neia; worshippers sacrificed white female animals, and with the meat, thread and sticks, bed into rings with ribbons, and also cover their doorposts with butter so Beiwe can eat it and start her journey once again)
34. The American Birkebeiner or Birkie (its name commemorates a historical event from 1206 when a group of Birkebeiners – soldiers who fought for Sverre Sigurdsson and his descendants in the Norwegian civil war and were so-named because they were so poor their shoes were made of birch bark – smuggled the bastard son of King Håkon Sverresson from Lillehammer to safety in Trondheim. At Norway’s Birkebeinerrennet, skiers still carry packs symbolising the weight of an 18-month-old kid)
35. Trikke (pronounced “trike”, the first ever Trikke/3CV race was held in Munich in 2004)
36. Dancehall
37. Tamla Records, later Motown Records (founded by Berry Gordy as Tamla on January 12, 1959, the company was incorporated as Motown Record Corporation in 1960. Gordy’s first signed act was The Matadors, who later changed their name to The Miracles. The first hit was Barrett Strong’s ‘Money (That’s What I Want)’ (no.2 Billboard R&B charts), its first R&B no. 1 and million-selling record was ‘Shop Around’ by The Miracles, while The Marvelette scored Tamla’s first US no. 1 with ‘Please Mr. Postman’ in 1961)
38. Franz Lambert (he is also noted for playing Wersi electric organs and has released over 100 albums)


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