Friday, August 29, 2008

The Faint Sound of Fatigue

1 Which international organisation of 30 countries that accept the principles of representative democracy and free-market economy, originated in 1948 when it was led by Robert Marjolin of France, to help administer the Marshall Plan for the reconstruction of Europe after WW2 and has its HQ at the Château de la Muette in Paris?
2 Based on the play by Crane Wilbur, which 1925 silent horror comedy, directed by Roland West, starred Lon Chaney as Dr. Gustave Ziska and Johnny Arthur as aspiring detective Johnny Goodlittle?
3 A town in southern Poland with some 28,000 inhabitants, which ski resort, a place of Góral culture and informally called "the winter capital of Poland," lies in the southern part of the Podhale region at the foot of the Tatra Mountains, the only alpine mountain range in the Carpathian Mountains?
4 Produced by the Liggett & Myers Tobacco Company for many years until its sale to in 1999 (along with the L&M and Lark brands) to Philip Morris Companies Inc. (now known as the Altria Group), which cigarettes were promoted by future US president and brand spokesman Ronald Reagan in adverts where he could be seen addressing cartons of them as Christmas gifts for "all my friends"?
5 Esperanto is the language of instruction in one university, the Akademio Internacia de la Sciencoj. In which republic is the said university?
6 On January 23, 1719, Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, raised which country to the dignity of Fürstentum (principality) with the what name, in honour of "[his] true servant, Anton Florian of _____________ ?
7 Earning himself the nickname Queixada ("Jaw") due to his prominent jawbone, which Brazilian centre forward was the scorer of the first competitive goal at the Maracanã stadium and won the Golden Boot as top scorer at the 1950 World Cup?
8 An annual plant that has been used in China for 5,000 years as a food and a component of drugs, which species of legume has the scientific name Glycine max?
9 On February 21 of this year, the International Olympic Committee announced that which location had won the bid to host the inaugural 2010 Summer Youth Olympics? It beat Moscow in the final by 53 votes to 44.
10 Named after the Russian scientist and 1958 Nobel winner who was the first to characterise it rigorously, what type of electromagnetic radiation is emitted when a charged particle (such as a electron) passes through an insulator at a speed greater than the speed of light in that medium; the characteristic 'blue glow' of nuclear reactors is due to it?
11 Which composer, violinist, pianist, conductor and teacher, regarded as the preeminent Romanian musician of the 20th century and one of the greatest performers of his time, wrote the opera Œdipe, tragédie lyrique in four acts, with a libretto by Edmond Fleg, op. 23 (1910-1931), and Legende (1906), a solo work for trumpet and piano that reflects the impressionistic style of his teachers Jules Massenet and Gabriel Fauré?
12 Which sport originated in Morgedal, Norway, though the first proper competition was held in Trysil in 1862, and the first widely known competition was the Husebyrennene, held in Oslo from 1879?
13 Named from the Italian for 'youth', what was the official hymn of the Italian National Fascist Party, regime, and army, and the unofficial national anthem of Italy 1924-1943, and although often sung with the official national anthem Marcia Reale, some consider it to have supplanted 'the Royal March' as the de facto national anthem (Inno della Patria) of Italy to the dismay of Victor Emmanuel III — a powerful symbol of the diarchy between the then King and Mussolini? It was subsequently the official anthem of the Italian Social Republic.
14 Dubbed "Snobster" by critics, which exclusive invitation-only networking website with 300,000 members was founded by Erik Wachtmeister, a former investment banker and INSEAD graduate, and the son of a former Swedish ambassador to the USA, and includes supermodels such as Naomi Campbell, Marcus Schenkenberg and Ivanka Trump; singers and musicians such as James Blunt and Josh Groban; film directors Quentin Tarantino and Renny Harlin and Andrew Waller; Tiger Woods, and royalty such as Prince Emanuele Filiberto Di Savoia and Prince Felix of Luxembourg?
15a)Named for the light crimson hue of its exposed granite surface and the third largest Egyptian pyramid after those of Khufu and Khafre at Giza, the Red Pyramid was, at the time of its completion, the world's tallest man-made structure and is also believed to be the world's first successful attempt at constructing a 'true' smooth-sided pyramid. It is the largest of the three major pyramids at which royal necropolis, located on the west bank of the Nile c.40km south of Cairo?
15b)The Bent Pyramid and the Red Pyramid were constructed during the reign of which pharaoh, the founder of the Fourth dynasty of Egypt who reigned from c.2613 BC to 2589 BC and was father of Khufu of the Old Kingdom?






Answers to FE:XXXVI
1 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), originally the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC) 2 The Monster 3 Zakopane 4 Chesterfield 5 (The Most Serene Republic of) San Marino 6 Liechtenstein 7 Ademir or Ademir Marques de Menezes 8 Soybean or soya bean 9 Singapore 10 Čerenkov radiation (also spelled Cerenkov or Cherenkov), as in Pavel Alekseyevich Čerenkov 11 George Enescu 12 Ski jumping 13 Giovinezza 14 aSmallWorld (often abbreviated ASW) 15a) Dahshur or Dashur Necropolis 15b) Snofru or Sneferu, also spelled as Snefru and in Greek known as Soris


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